DDF'93 logo - visit us here: http://www.ddf93.dk

Here are guidelines
for international

All our online
versions of
the rules e.t.c.
is to be found
in versions to

Hits in danish rules:
Hits in english rules:
Hits in german rules:
Hits in dan. cases:
Hits in eng. cases:
Hits in tyske cases:

Look at the page in a version to print out without menus.
Previous Search Instructions Next


Guidelines and Instructions are valid for all international competitions. Because of the importance of these events, all the referees must be prepared to fulfil their duties in the best physical
and psychological condition. It is very important that all the International Referees understand the significance and importance of their performance for modern volleyball.

FIVB Referee Commission (IRC) appeals to all referees officiating in Volleyball events to study thoroughly the FIVB Official Volleyball Rules (2009-2012) as well as these Refereeing
Guidelines and Instructions to make our game livelier and avoid interruptions. The FIVB and the IRC are confident that all the International Referees master and know to apply the Official
Rules of the Game, therefore it is not necessary to go into details of the rules. The main goal of this document is to unify as much as possible the criteria of refereeing.

this document is prepared and addressed to the International Referees, all the referees in the different National Federations are invited to read and study its content. Moreover, the
national and local referees are encouraged to discuss this document with the International Referees in their countries.

* * *

It is
quite untrue that refereeing consists of no more than conducting a match by using the Rules of the Game as the basis for all the decisions, because refereeing cannot be the mechanical or
automatic application of the Rules. Great competence is required. Such competence is acquired through individual, personal experience, by participation in volleyball events over the years,
with the referee realising that he/she is not an outsider but an integral part of the game. Therefore, he/she cannot carry out his/her tasks by just looking for faults in teams’ and players’
techniques or behaviour and applying the corresponding sanction. This would be a very incorrect way of refereeing. On the contrary, he/she must be an expert and a friend, working for
the game and with the players. Only if it is absolutely necessary, will he/she make a negative decision.

He/she should never put him/herself forward in the match, but must
remain in the background of the match, intervening only when necessary. Such behaviour is particularly necessary in today’s volleyball. Modern volleyball and the goals of the FIVB require
spectacular volleyball, producing an excellent show for the spectators and, through the mass media, for millions of fans. Modern Volleyball is a fast and exciting non – contact sport,
demanding high level of physical fitness, coordination and especially, team work. Today’s high level volleyball is not played just for the satisfaction of players in a small hall, with no
spectators, but transmitted all over the world. The spectators will not hear the referee’s whistle each time it is blown but they will see an excellent athletic show with individual and team
contests in each rally for the victory.

The good referee helps in this context, by remaining in the background. The bad referee hampers this show by wanting to play a leading
role in the match and this is against FIVB requirements. He/she must reward the players and teams for spectacular and exciting actions in the spirit of the Rules. Moreover it is essential
that the international referee maintains an excellent relationship with the players, coaches, etc. and that his/her behaviour be exemplary.

During the match he/she must be able
to distinguish between normal human expressions of feelings made under the stress of the match and real conscious unsportsmanlike behaviour. He/she should never punish such
spontaneous expressions of feelings so that the matches are played in a good atmosphere; the teams’ reasonable and proper expressions of feeling should be allowed, such as
standing up to cheer for excellent play actions or for encouragement, etc. However, conscious negative expressions or incorrect gestures to the opponent or protest against the referees’
decision are strictly forbidden and will be sanctioned.

Previous Search Instructions Next

Main Page

Look at the page in a version to print.
Print out